Geopolitical Scientists of Ancient India

In the modern world the term Geopolitics was first coined by Rudolf Kjellén, a Swedish political scientist, at the beginning of the 20th century. The doctrine of Geopolitics gained attention largely through the work of Sir Halford Mackinder in England and his formulation of the Heartland Theory (World Island, Rimland and Periphery) in 1904. According to his… Read More Geopolitical Scientists of Ancient India

Significance of Understanding of International Trade Procedures and Documentation

While operating in international markets, a businessperson can not transact without the interventions of mainly four groups of intermediaries or regulators – 1) Governments of host and home country, 2) Banks in both the countries, 3) Transporting group – Different payers involved with the overall logistics of carrying the goods from home country to host… Read More Significance of Understanding of International Trade Procedures and Documentation

Reliability Vs Validity of a Questionnaire in any Research Design

Questionnaires are most widely used tools in specially social science research. Most questionnaire’s objective in research is to obtain relevant information in most reliable and valid manner. Therefore the validation of questionnaire forms an important aspect of research methodology and the validity of the outcomes. Often a researcher is confused with the objective of validating… Read More Reliability Vs Validity of a Questionnaire in any Research Design

Importance of Pilot Study in any Research

Pilot studies or trials – which are comparative randomized trials designed to provide preliminary evidence on the efficacy of an intervention or theoretical model / concept – are routinely performed in many social and other research areas. Also commonly known as “feasibility” or “vanguard” studies, they are designed to assess the potential of an intervention; to… Read More Importance of Pilot Study in any Research